List of Taiwanese political parties and presidents

What are the political parties and presidents in Taiwan: A complete list

A list of the major political parties which participate in Taiwan democratic country current day. Followed by a list of Presidents which the Republic of China (Taiwan) had from its founding in 1912 until now.

List of Political party’s in Taiwan

PartyAllianceIdeologySeats in National Government
Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)Pan-green CoalitionProgressivism, Taiwanese nationalism62/113
New Power Party (NPP)Pan-green CoalitionSocial democracy, Taiwanese Nationalism3/113
Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU)Pan-green CoalitionTaiwanese Nationalism0/113
Green Party Taiwan (GPT)Pan-green CoalitionGreen politics0/113
Social Democratic Party (SDPPan-green CoalitionSocial democracy0/113
Chinese Nationalist party (KMT)Pan-Blue CoalitionConservatism, Chinese nationalism & three principles of the people38/113
People First Party (PFP)Pan-Blue CoalitionLiberal conservatism, Chinese nationalism0/113
New Party (NP)Pan-Blue CoalitionConservatism, Chinese nationalism0/113
For Public Good Party (FPGP)Pan-Blue CoalitionChinese nationalism0/113
Non Partisan Solidarity Union (NPSU)Pan-Blue CoalitionConservative liberalism0/113
Taiwan People’s Party (TPP)otherpluralism, centrism5/113
Labor Party (LB)othersocalism, Chinese nationalism0/113
source: wikipedia

note: Basically the political scene is divided in two camps. The Pan blue coalition leans to pro-unification, while pan-green coalition leans to pro-independence. This does not mean Pan blue coalition wants to join the peoples republic of china (PRC). It means they see the ROC as China, including Taiwan and mainland china. While pan green see the ROC as territory of current day Taiwan.

List of Taiwanese presidents

Presidents of the provisional government

After the 1911 revolution (Xinhai Revolution) which ended the Qing Dynasty founding father Sun Yat-sen established the Republic of China (R.O.C.).

Sun Yat-sen (孫中山)1912
Yuan Shikai (袁世凱1912-1913
Provisional president of the R.O.C., source: wikipedia

President of the Beiyang Government

Soon after establishing the R.O.C. Sun Yat-sen handed power over to Yuan Shikai a general who helped in the Rebellion against the Qing.

In that timeperiod, called the warlord era. Just after the fall of the Qing Dynasty multiple generals competed for power. The Beiyang Government was named after the area they were seated (Beijing) and was in that moment internationally recognized.

Yuan Shikai (袁世凱)1913-1916
Li Yuanhong (黎元洪)1916-1917
Feng Guozhang (馮國璋)1917-1918
Xu Shichang (徐世昌)1918-1922
Zhou Ziqi (周自齊)1922
Li Yuanhong (黎元洪)1922-1923
Gao Lingwei (高凌霨)1923
Cao Kun (曹錕)1923-1924
Huang Fu (黃郛)1924
Duan Qirui (段祺瑞)1924-1926
Hu Weide (胡惟德)1926
Yan Huiqing (顏惠慶)1926
Du Xigui (杜錫珪)1926
V.K. Wellington Koo (顧維鈞)1926-1927
Zhang Zuolin (張作霖) 1927-1928
Presidents of the Beiyang Government, source: wikipedia

Chairmen of the Nationalist Government

In 1926 the Kuamintang under general Chiang Kai-Shek reunited China ending the warlord era.

Tan Yankai (譚延闓)1928
Chiang Kai-Shek (蔣中正)1928-1931
Lin Sen (林森)1931-1943
Chiang Kai-Shek (蔣中正)1943-1948
Chairmen of the Nationalist government, source: wikipedia

Presidents after the 1947 Constitution

Under the reformed constitution in 1947 a National Assembly elects the President and Vice President. Every 6 years the National Assembly were supposed to have re-elections. Also members of the National Assembly are elected.

However due to the Civil war and loss of Mainland China to the communist, members of the National Assembly could not be re-elected in the lost territories. Thus basically they needed to hold office.

Chiang Kai-Shek (蔣中正)1948-1949
Li Zongren (李宗仁)1949-1950
Chiang Kai-Shek (蔣中正)1950-1975
Yen Chia-kan (嚴家淦)1975-1978
Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國)1978-1988
presidents after the 1947 constitution, source: wikipedia

Presidents after the democratic reforms (peoples vote)

In 1991 The National Assembly which was elected in 1947 was still in place 44 years later.

Constitutional reforms where made and in 1996 the first free and direct president elections were held. It was won by Lee Teng Hui of the KMT party. In 2005 the national assembly is abolished.

Lee Teng Hui (李登輝)1988-2000
Chen Shui-Bian (陳水扁) 2000-2008
Ma Ying Jeou (馬英九)2008-2016
Tsai Ing-Wen (蔡英文)2016- now
Presidents chosen by the Taiwanese people, source: wikipedia

Current president of Taiwan: Tsai Ing-wen

Current president of Taiwan is Tsai Ing-wen. Born in 1956 she is politic leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and president since 2016.

She is the first Female president of the Taiwan (R.O.C.) and voted as one of the most influential people of 2020.


Tsai Ing-wen, President of Taiwan

image Attribution, via Wikimedia Commons

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